an effective anti-spam with milter - milter manager

Install to CentOS (optional)

Install to CentOS (optional) — How to install milter manager related softwares to CentOS

About this document

This document describes how to install milter manager related softwares to CentOS. See Install to CentOS for milter manager install information and Install for general install information.

Install milter-manager-log-analyzer

milter-manager-log-analyzer is already installed because it is included in milter manager's RPM package. We will configure Web server to browse graphs generated by milter-manager-log-analyzer.

There are two ways to view generated graphs; (1) view them via a Web server at the same host and (2) view them via Munin (and a Web server) at other host. If we already have Munin or exclusive system monitoring server, Munin is a better way. Otherwise, a Web server at the same host is a better way. [5]

First, a way that a Web server in the same host will be explained, then a way that using Munin will be explained.

Way 1: View via a Web server at the same host

Install packages

We use Apache as Web server.

% sudo yum install -y httpd
% sudo /sbin/chkconfig httpd on

Configure milter-manager-log-analyzer

milter-manager-log-analyzer generates graphs to milter-manager user's home directory. (/var/lib/milter-manager/) We configure Web server to publish them at http://localhost/milter-manager-log/.

We put /etc/httpd/conf.d/milter-manager-log.conf with the following content:

Alias /milter-manager-log/ /var/lib/milter-manager/public_html/log/

We need to reload configuration after editing:

% sudo /sbin/service httpd reload

Now, we can see graphs at http://localhost/milter-manager-log/.


Way 2: View via Munin at other host

Next way is using Munin at other host.

Install packages

We install milter-manager-munin-plugins package that provides statistics data collected by milter-manager-log-analyzer to Munin:

% sudo yum install -y milter-manager-munin-plugins

NOTE: We need to use databases created by milter-manager-log-analyzer bundled with milter manager 1.5.0 or later to provide statistics data to Munin. If we have databases that are created by older milter-manager-log-analyzer, we need to remove ~milter-manager/public_html/log/. If we remove the directory, milter-manager-log-analyzer re-creates statistics databases 5 minutes later.

Configure munin-node

Munin-node should accept accesses from Munin server. If Munin server is 192.168.1.254, we need to append the following lines to /etc/munin/munin-node.conf:

/etc/munin/munin-node.conf:

allow ^192\.168\.1\.254$

We need to restart munin-node to apply our configuration:

% sudo /sbin/service munin-node restart

Configure Munin server

Works in this section at system monitor server. We assume that system monitor server works on CentOS.

First, we install munin and Apache:

monitoring-server% sudo yum install -y munin httpd

We add our mail server that works munin-node to munin's monitor target. We assume that mail server has the following configuration:

Host name

mail.example.com

IP address

192.168.1.2

We need to add the following lines to /etc/munin/munin.conf to add the mail server:

/etc/munin/munin.conf:

[mail.example.com]
    address 192.168.1.2
    use_node_name yes

We will be able to view graphs at http://monitoring-server/munin/ 5 minutes later.

Conclusion

We can confirm milter's effect visually by milter-manager-log-analyzer. If we use Postfix as MTA, we can compare with Mailgraph 's graphs to confirm milter's effect. We can use graphs generated by milter-manager-log-analyzer effectively when we are trying out a milter.



[5] If we want to run Munin at the same host, we need a Web server.